American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird <p><strong>American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development</strong> provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in Multidisciplinary field. <strong>American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development</strong> is an open access peer reviewed monthly journal. The journal is refereed and follows the ethics and practices of ethical open access publishing. All the manuscripts received for publication passes through extensive double blind peer review process. The journal covers the multidisciplinary areas of Engineering, Technology, Management, Sciences and Humanities. Authors can submit their original manuscripts for peer review.</p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Monthly</p> <p><strong>Acceptance Notification:</strong> 45 Days</p> <p><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> 2771-8948</p> <p><a href="http://sjifactor.com/passport.php?id=22145"><strong>SJIF (2024):</strong> 7.815</a></p> <p><a href="http://ifsij.com/jif-value-2022/"><strong>JIF 2024:</strong> 9.105</a></p> Journals Park Publishing en-US American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development 2771-8948 PEDAGOGICAL DEONTOLOGY HAS TAKEN HOLD OF COMMUNICATION CULTURE OF TECHNICAL HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS FROM THE BEGINNING https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/943 <p>This article delves into the profound influence of pedagogical deontology on the communication culture of technical higher education students. From the inception of their academic journey, students are immersed in a dynamic environment where ethical principles guide both teaching methodologies and interpersonal interactions. The exploration begins by establishing the ethical foundations within technical education, emphasizing integrity, transparency, and accountability. As students progress, the article examines how pedagogical deontology shapes a collaborative and respectful classroom environment, fostering communication skills crucial for their professional development. The integration of ethical communication practices in technical projects and assignments is explored, highlighting the ethical considerations required for successful execution. The article concludes by emphasizing the enduring impact of pedagogical deontology on professionalism and ethical communication skills as students transition into the professional realm. Additionally, it addresses the adaptation of pedagogical deontology to technological advancements, ensuring ethical considerations persist in virtual communication spaces.</p> Uzakova Kansulu Yerejepbaevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 25 1 5 THE FOUNDATIONS OF PEDAGOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/945 <p>The artіcle dіscusses the dіdactіc system of developіng pedagogіcal cooperatіon of future teachers іn the condіtіons of іnnovatіve educatіon іn hіgher and general secondary educatіonal іnstіtutіons. The artіcle explaіns the need to acquіre hіgh-level knowledge and professіonal skіlls, to be able to analyze educatіonal actіvіtіes and the productіon process, to promote new non-standard іdeas, to master methods, tools, and professіonal and scіentіfіc іnformatіon that meet modern requіrements.</p> Akhmedov Otabek Bakhtiyorovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 6 10 THE EFFECT OF ABNORMALITIES OF ARTICULATORY ORGANS ON SPEECH FUNCTION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/946 <p>This research article aims to review and analyse existing research in this area, identifying major trends and gaps in knowledge, and supports the importance of further research to optimise the diagnosis and correction of maxillofacial and myofunctional disorders in the context of ensuring the full development of speech in children.</p> Manzurakhon Adilova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 11 15 TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEXICAL-GRAMMATICAL ASPECTS OF THE SPEECH OF CHILDREN WITH SEVERE SPEECH DEFECTS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/947 <p>This article has studied and analyzed psychological, pedagogical and methodological literature on technologies for the development of the lexical and grammatical aspects of speech in children with severe speech defects.</p> Khakharova Malika Maksudovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 16 20 COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCIES AND WAYS OF THEIR DEVELOPMENT IN PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/948 <p>In this article, the author discusses the ongoing work to develop the communicative competence of future specialists, given the results of the study of the role of communicative competence in the professional activities of future specialists and the problems that arise in this process.</p> Musakhanova Gulnora Mavlyanovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 21 27 DEVELOPING STUDENTS' ECOLOGICAL COMPETENCE THROUGH INDEPENDENT LEARNING ACTIVITIES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/949 <p>"Enhancing Students' Ecological Competence through Independent Learning Activities" emphasizes the importance of shaping students' ecological competence through independent learning activities. The article highlights the potential increase in students' ecological competence, likely fostering environmental awareness and responsibility among them. The term "ecological competence" is discussed in the context of effectively engaging with environmental issues through essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Various methods and strategies for developing independent learning in the context of ecological education are discussed in the article, addressing issues of practical experience, integrating environmental topics into the curriculum, and considering the challenges of incorporating environmental concerns into education. The goal is to instill in students the initiative and responsibility to preserve the environment, contributing to a sustainable and environmentally conscious future.</p> Safarova Nilufar Mirzakulovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 28 34 MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL LIFE ADAPTATION OF DISABLED TEENAGERS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/950 <p>This article is specially enriched in terms of improving the mechanisms of adaptation of deaf and hard of hearing children with disabilities to social life in families.</p> Salikhova Gulnoza Makhmudovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 35 37 FUNCTIONAL BASIS OF READING IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN 4-5 YEARS OLD WITH GENERAL SPEECH UNDERDEVELOPMENT https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/951 <p>The publication is devoted to the problem of early learning to read for children with speech impairments. The positive influence of early reading on the formation of a functional basis for reading in preschoolers with general speech underdevelopment is considered. The article discusses new approaches to early teaching of reading to preschoolers with speech impairments. The influence of teaching basic reading skills on the state of the functional foundations of reading in preschoolers 4-5 years old with general underdevelopment of speech is analyzed.</p> Turdalieva Shakhlo Khusnutdinovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 38 41 IMPROVING METHODS OF TRAINING FUTURE DEFECTOLOGISTS IN DESIGNING CORRECTIONAL WORK https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/952 <p>This article describes the improvement of methods for training future teachers of the deaf in the construction of correctional work, the particular relevance of the problem of early support for children with hearing impairment, and the systematic training of senior students in correctional work for children of different ages. ages and technologies of pedagogical work, focused on the need to form knowledge. To do this, it is necessary to plan various professional tasks of the teacher of the deaf - diagnostic, methodological, psychological, correctional, social work, which can make it possible to understand and assess the level of readiness of the future speech of the teacher of the deaf for independent professional activities.</p> Zakirova Sarvinoz Baratovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 42 46 COHERENT SPEECH AS A SUBJECT OF STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGY OF LINGUISTICS AND PSYCHOLINGUISTICS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/953 <p>This article in psychology and linguistics studies the development of coherent speech in children with intellectual disabilities and highlights the problem of its development. It also talks about scientists who worked on coherent speech.</p> Ziyodullayeva Ezoza Nematjon kizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 47 49 SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH DYSARTHRIA BASED ON COOPERATIVE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/954 <p>Cooperative education is aimed at organizing the educational process more effectively, and since the improvement of children's literacy begins directly in the preschool education organization, it is explained that it is in the preschool education organization that some elements of cooperative education can be used.</p> Dilnavoz Rakhmatova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 50 53 THE MAIN METHODS OF CORRECTING COMMUNICATIVE ACTIVITY IN CHILDREN WITH SPEECH IMPAIRMENT https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/955 <p>The article highlights the main methods for correcting communicative activity in children with speech impairment. Effective rules of communication, hearing skills and work activity of a speech pathologist are analyzed.</p> Shamsieva Sevara Yusupovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 54 59 CULTURAL LINGUISTICS PERSPECTIVE: UNDERSTANDING LANGUAGE THROUGH CULTURE https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/956 <p>Language and culture are discussed in this article. Some examples are given in English and Uzbek as well as. The importance of culture in linguistics mentioned. Difficulties which translator face up during the conversations are given.</p> Babayeva Irada Sabirovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 60 62 EXPLORING THE RICHNESS OF ARABIC LITERATURE: A JOURNEY THROUGH TIME AND CULTURE https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/957 <p>Arabic literature is a treasure trove of creativity, wisdom, and cultural heritage that spans over centuries. From ancient poetry and folklore to contemporary novels and plays, Arabic literature offers a glimpse into the complexities of the Arab world and its diverse traditions. In this article, we will embark on a journey through the fascinating world of Arabic literature, exploring its historical significance, notable authors, and enduring themes.</p> Kadirova Mashhura Mirzaakbarovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 63 65 MODERN TEACHING METHODOLOGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/958 <p>This article explores the multifaceted landscape of modern teaching methodologies, delving into key components shaping contemporary education. From technology integration and personalized learning to inclusivity and community engagement, the article outlines transformative approaches that redefine the teacher-student dynamic and prepare learners for the demands of the 21st century.</p> Narbayeva Malohat Khudaiberdiyevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 66 68 MANGLAYDAGI DOG https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/959 <p>This article analyzes the story “Dog” by the writer Khaliyor Safarov. Some symbolic details in it are commented on, as well as a comparative analysis of image and dialogue motifs with other works.</p> Muxtorova Sevinch Gʻaybulla kizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 69 72 THE NEED TO USE PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/960 <p>Thіs artіcle discusses the role of іnformatіon technology іn educatіon, the qualіty of lessons and the іnterest of young people іn the fіeld of ІT through the use of іnformatіon technology іn the classroom, as well as the benefіts of multіmedіa іn educatіon.</p> Diyora G'aniyeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 73 76 FEATURES OF CHILDREN'S FEAR AT A DENTAL APPOINTMENT https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/961 <p>The problem of anxiety occupies a special place in modern scientific knowledge. It is the subject of a considerable amount of research, not only in psychology, but also in medicine, physiology, philosophy and sociology.</p> PhD. Ortikova Nargiza Khayrullaevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 25 77 82 THE UTILIZATION OF SHORT STORIES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/962 <p>Learning and utilizing words is the first step in learning a second language. Learners can improve their communication and ultimately acquire both productive and receptive language abilities when they are proficient in using the fundamental or everyday vocabulary of the target language. Given this understanding, English teachers began utilizing literary works to help students meet learning objectives and increase their vocabulary. In this sense, using short stories as a teaching and learning tool for vocabulary is a successful tactic that serves the needs of both teachers and students. This study is descriptive delving into the utilization of short stories in teaching and learning vocabulary. The vocabulary and usage of the terms that language learners know define their proficiency level.</p> Xojaniyazova Bazargul Mamabetovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 25 83 88 PHILOSOPHY AND ITS ROLE IN SOCIETY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/963 <p>Since ancient times, philosophy has been considered as the basis of human thinking, it stimulates thinking and fights against societal norms. This article examines the important role of philosophy in the formation and development of modern society. By examining its impact on scientific progress, ethics, social cohesion, and personal development, it becomes clear that philosophy serves as a guide that supports intellectual growth and moral introspection.</p> Rakhimova Mashhura Inamjanovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 25 89 92 THE PROBLEMS OF CREATING A HEALTHY PSYCHOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN SOCIETY BULLYING IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS THE IMPORTANCE OF LICENSING PSYCHOLOGISTS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/964 <p>The article describes the author's model of psychological service in the educational environment, reveals the main goals and objectives of its work, as well as innovative tools for collecting and analyzing the results.</p> Turaev Boboyor Baxtiyorovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 25 93 98 ANALYSIS OF THE MAIN APPLIED METHODS OF PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/965 <p>Methods of studying public opinion are crucial for understanding the opinions, views and beliefs of the general public. The article analyzes the methods of public opinion research, and the importance of these methods in the study of public opinion. In addition, the works of Abu Mansour al-Moturidi, Abu Nasr Farabi, Abu Rayhan Beruni, Amir Temur and Alisher Navoi analyzed scientific approaches to the study of social processes in society using special methods to achieve effective management by taking into account the opinions of the population in society and public administration.</p> Fayzieva Farogat Baxtiyorovna Mahmudova Muslima Maʼrufjon qizi Mahmudova Muslima Maʼrufjon qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-08 2024-02-08 25 99 105 OPTIMIZATION OF PREMEDICATION IN SURGICAL INTERVENTION IN GYNECOLOGY PRACTICE https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/966 <p>The article is devoted to the study of the effectiveness of the drug etifoxine (strezam) in complex premedication in gynecological patients against the background of pathological menopause syndrome. The use of stresam as a therapeutic premedication in patients with pathological climacteric syndrome has shown an increase in the level of medical and social rehabilitation and a reduction in the length of hospital stay of patients.</p> Khudoyberdieva Gulrukh Sobirjonovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 25 106 109 METHODOLOGICAL POSSIBILITIES OF TURNING ENGLISH INTO PRIMARY CLASSES ON THE BASIS OF DIDACTIC MEANS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/967 <p>This article will consider the methodological possibilities of teaching English to primary classes with the integration of didactic tools. The article examines the practical applications of visual weapons, educational games, interactive software, and multimedia resources, relying on theoretical foundations such as constructivism, socio-cultural theories, and communicative language teaching. In addition, it considers pedagogical considerations of moral, cultural and contextual importance in the selection and use of didactic tools.</p> Yuldasheva Zumradxon Turgunpolatovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-10 2024-02-10 25 110 113 THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL PROTECTION OF CIVIL SERVANTS IN THE UZBEKISTAN https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/968 <p>In this paper we make an attempt to examine the theoretical aspects of social protection and guarantees for civil servants. In particular, we focus on the importance of social protection and guarantees for civil servants, as well as political, legal, socio-economic and spiritual measures established by law, in the productivity of their activities. Moreover, we try to methodically and methodologically cover social protection and material support systems for civil servants, and group the parameters of the attractiveness of social protection. We also analyze the approaches to meet the material and spiritual needs of a person within the framework of social protection.</p> Khojiev Zavkiddin Farkhodovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-10 2024-02-10 25 114 122 TAX RELATIONS IN BUSINESS ENTITIES PROVIDING NON-STATE EDUCATIONAL SERVICES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/969 <p>The large-scale reforms carried out in our country are aimed at achieving the ambitious development goals of Uzbekistan, which have no equal in the world. The special attention paid to the education of our youth can be seen from the Presidential schools, the School of Creativity, educational organizations based on public-private partnerships, and finally, the reforms that are being implemented in the way of the organization and operation of non-governmental educational organizations. The reforms carried out by our state and government are aimed not only at pre-school and general high school education, but also in the direction of opening branches of private higher education institutions and prestigious higher education institutions of developed foreign countries, which will enable the formation of a healthy competitive environment in the higher education system, and the establishment of joint educational programs with them, is appearing. The types of activities related to the social sphere carried out in our country, in particular, the benefits created for legal entities engaged in the provision of non-state educational services, the correct organization of their tax relations as a legal entity, current tax benefits and their relative classification, conditions and procedures for using benefits, benefits In our opinion, the formation of skills in the correct use of the accounting reporting procedure and the current regulatory and legal documents related to this field is one of the most urgent issues today. Some of the provided benefits have their own characteristics in terms of duration, and some in relation to the type of activity. In this process, the correct use of tax benefits, their correct reflection in accounting is important, of course.</p> Aybek Nazarbaevich Abdullaev Shavkat Bayramovich Babaev Mirza Qilichbayevich Sabirov Inomjon To‘raevich Jumaniyazov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-10 2024-02-10 25 123 134 EXHIBITION PRINCIPLE IN FINE ARTS EDUCATION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/970 <p>This article introduces a series of methodological students to the use of visualization in visual arts education and provides information about other aspects of visualization to achieve effective results.</p> Sherov Dilshod Reyimberganovich Zaripova Yulduz Urinboy kizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 135 137 THE IMPORTANCE OF GRAMMAR IN THE STUDY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/971 <p>Grammar plays a crucial role in the study of English literature by providing the structural framework through which ideas are communicated and narratives are crafted. Understanding grammatical principles is essential for interpreting the intended meaning behind the author's words, discerning subtleties of tone, mood, and narrative perspective. Additionally, grammar serves as a conduit for stylistic experimentation and artistic innovation, shaping the aesthetic contours of literary works through rhythmic cadences, syntactic patterns, and rhetorical devices. Scholars analyze grammatical structures to gain insights into narrative techniques, thematic motifs, and cultural contexts, enriching their understanding of the human experience as depicted in literature. Ultimately, grammar emerges as a linchpin in the exploration and appreciation of English literature, guiding readers through the intricacies of textual interpretation and inviting them to uncover layers of meaning within the timeless landscapes of literary expression.</p> Saydamatova Nigora Sheraliyevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 138 141 INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND CONTEMPORARY MARKETING https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/972 <p>This topic explores the intersection of intercultural communication and contemporary marketing practices. In today's globalized world, effective communication across cultures is essential for successful marketing strategies. Understanding cultural nuances, values, and communication styles can help businesses connect with diverse audiences and build strong relationships. This area of study delves into how intercultural communication theories and practices can be applied to marketing campaigns, branding strategies, and consumer behavior analysis in a multicultural context. Cultural sensitivity in marketing is a crucial concept that involves understanding and respecting the diverse cultural backgrounds of target audiences. It emphasizes the importance of tailoring marketing strategies to specific cultural norms, values, and preferences to effectively engage with consumers from different cultural backgrounds. Market segmentation based on cultural factors allows businesses to create targeted campaigns that resonate with specific cultural groups.</p> Khaidarova Shohista Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 142 145 UNRAVELING THE SEMANTIC STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION EXPRESSIVE VERBALIZERS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/973 <p>This article meticulously examines the semantic and structural features of negative evaluation expressive verbalizers in foreign languages, focusing on Spanish, Mandarin, and German as representative examples. The exploration aims to uncover the nuanced ways in which disapproval, criticism, or disappointment is linguistically conveyed across diverse cultural and linguistic contexts. Through a comparative analysis, the article delves into lexical choices, sentence structures, and cultural nuances, shedding light on the intricate strategies employed to express negativity.</p> Akhmedova Nargiza Alidjanovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 146 149 PROVIDING COMPETENCE IN THE FIELD OF FORMING A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE TO CHILDREN 6-7 YEARS OLD https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/974 <p>In the article, the need for physical education and physical development of children through the use of physical exercises and national and active games for preschool children is scientifically and theoretically based. The direct and indirect impact on children's physical development through physical exercises, national and active games is scientifically based, and at the same time, it is possible to develop competence in the field of children's physical development and the formation of a healthy lifestyle.</p> М. Усмонов Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 150 155 EFFECTIVE ONLINE LEARNING METHODS FOR LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/975 <p>This article explores the realm of effective online learning methods designed to facilitate the acquisition of foreign languages. The discussion encompasses a diverse array of digital tools and platforms, emphasizing their transformative impact on language education. The highlighted methods include Interactive Communication Platforms, which enable real-time engagement with native speakers, creating dynamic and culturally rich language learning experiences.</p> Axmedova Tursunoy Baxtiyorovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 156 159 DEVELOPMENT OF READING AND LISTENING SKILLS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/976 <p>This article explores effective strategies and methodologies for fostering the development of reading and listening skills in the context of foreign language learning. It delves into interactive reading practices, extensive listening exercises, and vocabulary expansion through reading, emphasizing the interconnected nature of these skills. The incorporation of multimedia resources, authentic materials, and participation in language exchange programs is discussed to provide learners with diverse linguistic exposure. The article highlights the importance of task-based learning for practical application and regular assessments to gauge progress.</p> Abdullayeva Albina Ergashevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 160 163 LATIN LANGUAGE AND ITS STUDY IN THE MODERN WORLD https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/977 <p>This article explores the critical role played by historical sources in the study of the Latin language, emphasizing their significance in unraveling linguistic evolution, cultural nuances, and societal dynamics. Focusing on various types of sources, including literary texts, inscriptions, legal documents, and personal correspondences, the article delves into the linguistic analysis and structural features inherent in each category. The examination of syntactical and grammatical structures, along with the exploration of lexical variations and the cultural context embedded in historical sources, provides a comprehensive understanding of Latin across different genres and periods.</p> Kenjayeva Nigora Davladovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 164 167 LATIN LANGUAGE AND HOW TO TEACH WITH MODERN TECHNOLOGY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/978 <p>This article explores the integration of modern technology into the teaching of the Latin language, emphasizing contemporary approaches to engage learners. It covers a range of technological tools, including interactive online platforms, language learning apps, virtual reality tools, and digital textbooks. The annotation highlights the dynamic learning experiences created through these tools, such as gamified elements, adaptive learning systems, and immersive virtual explorations.</p> Matyusupova Shakarjon Bekmamatovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 168 171 INTERACTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING RUSSIAN GRAMMAR https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/979 <p>This article explores interactive strategies for teaching Russian grammar, emphasizing gamification, multimedia resources, and collaborative learning. It highlights how these methods enhance student engagement, promote deeper comprehension, and foster language proficiency. Through innovative approaches, educators can create dynamic learning environments that empower students to master Russian grammar with enthusiasm and confidence.</p> Osmanova Maryam Soibxonovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 172 175 INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO TEACHING PHARMACEUTICAL TERMINOLOGY IN ENGLISH https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/980 <p>This annotation explores innovative pedagogical approaches for teaching pharmaceutical terminology in English. The article delves into methods that go beyond traditional instructional techniques, emphasizing dynamic and engaging strategies. Immersive case studies, multimedia presentations, online modules, and gamified learning platforms are discussed as methods to enhance student comprehension and application of pharmaceutical terms in authentic contexts. The annotation underscores the importance of practical application through role-playing exercises and collaborative projects, promoting active engagement and communication skills development.</p> Mirazimova Sevara Baxtiyorovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 176 179 ANALYSIS OF THE LINGUISTIC FOUNDATIONS OF UZBEK - ENGLISH THROUGH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/981 <p>This article explores Uzbek-English language dynamics through artificial intelligence. It separates historical backgrounds, syntactic structures, semantic maps, and translation barriers. Through AI, it provides insight into addressing linguistic gaps, demonstrating the potential of technology in improving intercultural communication and understanding.</p> Raxmanova Azizaxon Abdugafurovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 180 183 HISTORY OF LATIN LANGUAGE AND TEACHING TECHNOLOGY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/982 <p>This article traces the evolution of Latin language education, highlighting traditional pedagogy and the integration of technology. It discusses ancient methods, medieval preservation efforts, and modern digital innovations, emphasizing the enduring relevance of Latin.</p> Suyundikov Nigmatullo Sagdullayevich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 184 186 INTER-SUBJECT RELATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND METHODS OF THEIR IMPLEMENTATION IN EDUCATIONAL WORK https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/983 <p>This article examines the interdisciplinary connections of Russian language and the methods of their embodiment in learning activities. It explores how the Russian language is interwoven with various academic subjects, providing a deeper understanding of language skills in different areas of knowledge. The article presents specific methods for implementing cross-curricular connections, such as analyzing literary works to study language trends, examining historical documents to identify linguistic changes over time, and using computational methods to analyze data on large amounts of text.</p> Махмудбекова Гулнора Убайдуллаевна Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 187 190 THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING TECHNOLOGY IN LAND LEVELING https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/984 <p>The article discusses the importance of planning work in Uzbekistan. Improving quality planning using a leveling machine.</p> Узоков Абдували Ортикович Норов Собиржон Негмуродович Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 191 193 TEACHING RUSSIAN LANGUAGE USING COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/985 <p>This article examines modern approaches to teaching the Russian language, focusing on the use of computer technologies in the educational process. Innovative methods such as interactive programs and applications, online courses, multimedia materials and virtual classrooms provide students with unique opportunities for effective and engaging language learning. Automated task checking, individualized training and gamification of the learning process complement this approach, promoting the formation of Russian language skills, taking into account modern educational requirements. The advantages of this approach are discussed, including flexibility, accessibility and motivation, which makes the process of learning the Russian language more effective and attractive for a variety of categories of students.</p> Шукурджанова Самиахон Алимовна Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 194 197 THE IMPORTANCE OF VOCABULARY BOOSTING IN SPEAKING FLUENCY AND COMPREHENSION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/986 <p>This article underscores the vital role that vocabulary enhancement plays in achieving both speaking fluency and comprehensive comprehension. It explores how a rich vocabulary forms the foundation for effective communication, empowering individuals to articulate thoughts with precision. The annotation highlights the interconnectedness of vocabulary and speaking fluency, emphasizing that a diverse lexicon facilitates seamless and articulate speech.</p> Ahadova Nilufar Fazliddin qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 198 201 INNOVATIONS IN TEACHING LISTENING SKILLS FOR IELTS AND CEFR: EMBRACING MODERN METHODS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/987 <p>This article delves into progressive strategies for improving listening skills tailored for IELTS and CEFR exams. It highlights the integration of technology, authentic materials, interactive activities, and self-assessment to enhance comprehension.</p> Alimardonova Maftuna Bekmurodovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 202 204 WIDE IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES AND MODERN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/988 <p>With the development of technology, the presence of only one computer for training using technical means remained sufficient. The computer has successfully taken over the functions previously performed by TV, VCR, film projector, slide projector and others. In addition, the quality of information transmission, storage, and imaging has increased significantly.</p> Khasanov Muzafar Sodikovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 205 209 CURRENT STATUS OF GRAPHIC TEACHING METHODOLOGY AND WAYS TO IMPROVE IT https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/989 <p>This article discusses the current state of teaching graphics and ways to improve it. Based on technological data and written sources, the author explores the specifics of the topic that have clarified the problem based on the available scientific literature.</p> Tanjarova Rano Akramovna Elchiboyev Kamoliddin Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 25 210 213 EFFECT OF IRRIGATION ON ONE-YEAR GROWTH OF MULBERRY SEEDLINGS USED IN HIGHWAY LANDSCAPING https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/990 <p>It is known that the use of advanced agrotechnical measures based on the soil and climate conditions for the cultivation of tree-like plants in nurseries gives good results. During the cultivation of seedlings, the demand for water and nutrients is different in different phases of the plant. Due to this, in the course of our research, agrotechnical measures were applied to seedlings based on plant and soil requirements in the phases of growth and development.</p> Ubaydullayev Farkhod Bakhtiyarullaevich Qo’chqorov Yakubjon Ismagilovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 25 214 219 THE STANDARD OF DIFFERENT WATERING REGIMES OF MULBERRY SEEDLINGS EFFECT ON SEEDLING EMERGENCE https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/991 <p>It is known that the use of advanced agrotechnical measures based on the soil and climate conditions for the cultivation of tree-like plants in nurseries gives good results. During the cultivation of seedlings, the demand for water and nutrients is different in different phases of the plant. Due to this, in the course of our research, agrotechnical measures were applied to seedlings based on plant and soil requirements in the phases of growth and development.</p> Ubaydullayev Farkhod Bakhtiyarullaevich Khomidova Nargiza Isaqulovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 25 220 225 BIOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF PISTACHIO SEEDLINGS GROWN ON DIFFERENT SUBSTRATES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/992 <p>The size of the container and the content of the substrate are important factors for growing quality and standard seedlings in a closed root system (container). The quality of the grown seedling, resistance to diseases and pests depends on the quality of the soil substrate. A rich composition of the substrate for growing plants with a closed root system ensures intensive growth of seedlings. In addition, many factors directly affect the successful growth of plants in the closed root system, including air temperature, irrigation regime, mineral nutrients, soil and relative humidity.</p> Hamzaev Abdushukur Khudoykulovich Inomova Munira Murotjоn qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-14 2024-02-14 25 226 234 THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING THROUGH READING MATERIALS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/993 <p>The study surveys the usage of modern pedagogical techniques in ESL classroom, which are applied by English teachers for the development of linguistic abilities of learners at Samarkand State Institute of Foreign Languages. The English language methodology keeps on exploring the ways and methods of teaching second language by using various techniques to ESL learners. The study focuses on the analysis of effectiveness of using innovative techniques for developing critical thinking abilities. The research study applies both quantitative and qualitative methods for data analysis. Participating subjects were 200 students of 2-3rd English course, beginning from intermediate to upper intermediate levels. The data from analysis manifests that the usage of up-to date techniques for developing critical thinking skills increase the effectiveness of English classes. Modern teaching techniques modify the role of the teacher from the transmission of information to the organizer and coordinator of the educational process and make it possible to form complex competencies in the future. Therefore, the purpose of the investigation is to implement some up-to date techniques in the syllabus of English classes. The objectives of the theses are the formation and developing critical thinking abilities of learners. The given results illustrates the growth of self-confidence, motivation and competence of students.</p> Petrosyan Nelya Valerevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 25 235 246 “DIGITAL MIGRANTS” OF UZBEKISTAN https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/995 <p>The article examines the impact of digitalization on the quality of life of the older generation in modern society of Uzbekistan from the point of view of subjective and objective approaches. Based on the analysis of domestic research data and the global trend of population aging, the main barriers to the involvement of older people in the digital space are identified. This is an objective challenge for the older generation to adapt to rapidly changing material and technical living conditions.</p> Akmal Yusupov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 25 247 250 TRADE FAIRS IN TURKESTAN AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF PEOPLES https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/996 <p>The article analyzes trade fairs in Turkestan and the cultural mutual influence of peoples with the help of historical documents and archival sources. Besides, in the research showed that in the second half of the 19th century, in Russia and a number of European countries, interest in the history and culture of the peoples of Central Asia increased, especially in handwritten publications on ethnography and history, and in antique items made by skilled Central Asian craftsmen.</p> Yekaterina Alexandrovna Smesova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 25 251 260 LOGISTICS OPPORTUNITIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN WHY FOR CHINA? https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/997 <p>In this article, the breakdown of relations between the United States of America, India, Pakistan, Russia, NATO and the People's Republic of China and, as a result, the increasing importance of the logistics system of the Republic of Uzbekistan for China. It will be explained how the Republic of Uzbekistan will benefit from this.</p> Omadjon Tavakkaljon ugli Kodirjonov Khusanboy Madaminjonovich Muminov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 25 261 264 THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE LENDING SYSTEM IN SUPPORTING FAMILY BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN UZBEKISTAN https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/998 <p>In this article, as a result of the reforms carried out in Uzbekistan during the years of independence, the growth dynamics of family business entities, the practical results of the subsidies allocated to them by the state and the lending policy implemented by commercial banks, the volume of products produced by Ferghana Valley entrepreneurs based on primary sources, archival materials and literature analyzed.</p> Dilshodbek Yuldashevich Khamrakulov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 25 265 272 CREATION OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION LEARNING ENVIRONMENT OF UNIVERSAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS AND DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE (ICC) IN STUDENTS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/999 <p>This article describes the pedagogical foundations of creating an electronic information learning environment of general education schools and developing students' information and communication competence. focused. The meaning of the concept of "information communication competence" in the educational system has been revealed.</p> Haytbayeva Sayyora Rakhimberganovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 25 273 276 APPROACHES TO TEACHING VOWEL SOUNDS OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE TO NON-NATIVE (UZBEK) LEARNERS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1000 <p>Teaching non-native speakers the phonology of Japanese can be seen as a dual challenge and a unique requirement, necessitating additional investigations. In this article we would like to address the issues on teaching Japanese vowels to the learners of Uzbekistan. The problem will be detected by conducting practical experiment including 30 students. The reading text is appointed to investigate the pronunciation errors made by the students. The solutions for strengthening teaching Japanese phonology will be proposed.</p> Fatkulina Luiza Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 25 277 282 SEASONAL RHYTHM AND DEVELOPMENT OF BETULA PENDULA L. IN BRICHMULLIN STATE FORESTRY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1001 <p>On May 11, 2017, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a decree “On the creation of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Forestry.” The State Forestry Committee is part of the Cabinet of Ministers complex for agriculture, processing of forestry products and consumer goods. The main objectives and areas of activity of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Forestry are mainly the implementation of a unified state policy in the field of forestry, aimed at the comprehensive expansion and rational use of forest resources.</p> Ubaydullayev Farkhod Bakhtiyarullaevich Xaitov Farkhod Djuraevich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 25 283 289 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS USED IN METAL CONSTRUCTION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1002 <p>This article is on the topic of "the main characteristics of materials used in metal construction", it provides information about the types of metals, their properties and the advantages of metal construction.</p> SH.A. Egamberdiyeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 25 290 296 THE USAGE OF APHORISMS IN ENGLISH LESSONS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1003 <p>This scientific article explores the utilization of aphorisms in English language lessons and their impact on learning outcomes and language proficiency. Aphorisms, concise and memorable statements that convey wisdom or general truths, have been used across various disciplines to encapsulate valuable insights. This article aims to examine the benefits of incorporating aphorisms into English language instruction, explore effective strategies for their implementation, and discuss the potential challenges and considerations for educators.</p> Musaeva G. I. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 25 297 300 BORROWING AS A LANGUAGE PROCESS https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1004 <p>This article examines the processes of borrowing as a language combination. Territorial dialects, together with their own word creation, can enrich themselves by borrowing from other forms of existence of their national language (literary standard, other territorial dialects, from different types of social dialects), non-literary vernacular, etc., as well as from other national languages, including their literary and non-literary forms.</p> Shatov Ivan Alexandrovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 25 301 305 INTERDISCIPLINARY THEORY OF TRANSLATION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1005 <p>As you know, the term “translation” has many meanings. On the one hand, it denotes an activity that consists in transmitting the content of information in one language by means of another language, however, on the other hand, translation represents the very results of this activity. Throughout the world, translation has become a universal activity. Bilingualism as a concept is founded within the framework of psycholinguistics by various scientists who have divergent ideas about its role in translation theory. What is translation activity? What is bilingualism? What are the specific functions of bilingualism in the general theory of translation? In this article we will try to answer the questions posed.</p> Tursunova Lola Narimanovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 25 306 309 UZBEKISTAN STATE WORLD LANGUAGE UNIVERSITY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1006 <p>There are some information about modern linguistics and its types and usage in languages. The importance of modern linguistics and the study of cognitive linguistics and its impact are explained. So, there are some strategies useful for teachers for organising their lessons effectively in linguistics.</p> Babayeva Irada Sabirovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 25 310 313 EFFICIENCY OF ECONOMIC RELATIONS OF UZBEKISTAN AND TURKEY https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1007 <p>Based on the principles of absolute, relative and competitive advantages of international trade, the countries of Uzbekistan and Turkey, relying on their economic, financial, technical and resource potential, are striving to increase the effectiveness of further expansion and improvement of their foreign economic relations. Uzbekistan has been demonstrating to the world public that Turkey is important in ensuring peace, stability and cooperation in the region and the world.</p> Makhmudova Manzurakhan Juraevna No’monov Nematilla Naqibullahxon ugli Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 25 314 317 TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL) https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1008 <p>This article about teaching English as a Second language. It has given many advices, approaches, and some learning platforms which are useful for teachers who work as foreign languages teacher. Moreover, it includes some information about assessments for ESL. There is exist some barriers in learning languages.</p> Akhmedova Fatima Turayevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 25 318 321 THE ROLE OF WATER RESERVOIRS AND THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1009 <p>This article deals with the establishment of water reservoirs in our Republic, the regulation of flow by seasons and years, and the relationship between water reservoirs and the natural environment.</p> A. B. Janzakov M. N. Kakhorova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 25 322 325 MODULAR TECHNOLOGY OF FORMATION OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS FROM SPECIALIZED SUBJECTS IN FUTURE TEACHERS OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION https://ajird.journalspark.org/index.php/ajird/article/view/1010 <p>In this article studied the advantages and implementation stages of modular educational technology in the training of professional education teachers. The difference of modular teaching from other teaching technologies is as follows: educational content is presented in the form of complete, independent modules; the teacher's communication with the student is carried out on a new basis.</p> Hamidov J. A. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-21 2024-02-21 25 326 332