American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development 2024-02-22T11:50:50+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong>American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development</strong> provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in Multidisciplinary field. <strong>American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development</strong> is an open access peer reviewed monthly journal. The journal is refereed and follows the ethics and practices of ethical open access publishing. All the manuscripts received for publication passes through extensive double blind peer review process. The journal covers the multidisciplinary areas of Engineering, Technology, Management, Sciences and Humanities. Authors can submit their original manuscripts for peer review.</p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Monthly</p> <p><strong>Acceptance Notification:</strong> 45 Days</p> <p><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> 2771-8948</p> <p><a href=""><strong>SJIF (2024):</strong> 7.815</a></p> <p><a href=""><strong>JIF 2024:</strong> 9.105</a></p> PEDAGOGICAL DEONTOLOGY HAS TAKEN HOLD OF COMMUNICATION CULTURE OF TECHNICAL HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS FROM THE BEGINNING 2024-02-05T16:28:53+00:00 Uzakova Kansulu Yerejepbaevna <p>This article delves into the profound influence of pedagogical deontology on the communication culture of technical higher education students. From the inception of their academic journey, students are immersed in a dynamic environment where ethical principles guide both teaching methodologies and interpersonal interactions. The exploration begins by establishing the ethical foundations within technical education, emphasizing integrity, transparency, and accountability. As students progress, the article examines how pedagogical deontology shapes a collaborative and respectful classroom environment, fostering communication skills crucial for their professional development. The integration of ethical communication practices in technical projects and assignments is explored, highlighting the ethical considerations required for successful execution. The article concludes by emphasizing the enduring impact of pedagogical deontology on professionalism and ethical communication skills as students transition into the professional realm. Additionally, it addresses the adaptation of pedagogical deontology to technological advancements, ensuring ethical considerations persist in virtual communication spaces.</p> 2024-02-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE FOUNDATIONS OF PEDAGOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT 2024-02-08T13:30:29+00:00 Akhmedov Otabek Bakhtiyorovich <p>The artіcle dіscusses the dіdactіc system of developіng pedagogіcal cooperatіon of future teachers іn the condіtіons of іnnovatіve educatіon іn hіgher and general secondary educatіonal іnstіtutіons. The artіcle explaіns the need to acquіre hіgh-level knowledge and professіonal skіlls, to be able to analyze educatіonal actіvіtіes and the productіon process, to promote new non-standard іdeas, to master methods, tools, and professіonal and scіentіfіc іnformatіon that meet modern requіrements.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE EFFECT OF ABNORMALITIES OF ARTICULATORY ORGANS ON SPEECH FUNCTION 2024-02-08T13:32:25+00:00 Manzurakhon Adilova <p>This research article aims to review and analyse existing research in this area, identifying major trends and gaps in knowledge, and supports the importance of further research to optimise the diagnosis and correction of maxillofacial and myofunctional disorders in the context of ensuring the full development of speech in children.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEXICAL-GRAMMATICAL ASPECTS OF THE SPEECH OF CHILDREN WITH SEVERE SPEECH DEFECTS 2024-02-08T13:34:27+00:00 Khakharova Malika Maksudovna <p>This article has studied and analyzed psychological, pedagogical and methodological literature on technologies for the development of the lexical and grammatical aspects of speech in children with severe speech defects.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCIES AND WAYS OF THEIR DEVELOPMENT IN PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES 2024-02-08T13:36:31+00:00 Musakhanova Gulnora Mavlyanovna <p>In this article, the author discusses the ongoing work to develop the communicative competence of future specialists, given the results of the study of the role of communicative competence in the professional activities of future specialists and the problems that arise in this process.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 DEVELOPING STUDENTS' ECOLOGICAL COMPETENCE THROUGH INDEPENDENT LEARNING ACTIVITIES 2024-02-08T13:38:14+00:00 Safarova Nilufar Mirzakulovna <p>"Enhancing Students' Ecological Competence through Independent Learning Activities" emphasizes the importance of shaping students' ecological competence through independent learning activities. The article highlights the potential increase in students' ecological competence, likely fostering environmental awareness and responsibility among them. The term "ecological competence" is discussed in the context of effectively engaging with environmental issues through essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Various methods and strategies for developing independent learning in the context of ecological education are discussed in the article, addressing issues of practical experience, integrating environmental topics into the curriculum, and considering the challenges of incorporating environmental concerns into education. The goal is to instill in students the initiative and responsibility to preserve the environment, contributing to a sustainable and environmentally conscious future.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL LIFE ADAPTATION OF DISABLED TEENAGERS 2024-02-08T13:42:19+00:00 Salikhova Gulnoza Makhmudovna <p>This article is specially enriched in terms of improving the mechanisms of adaptation of deaf and hard of hearing children with disabilities to social life in families.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FUNCTIONAL BASIS OF READING IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN 4-5 YEARS OLD WITH GENERAL SPEECH UNDERDEVELOPMENT 2024-02-08T13:44:24+00:00 Turdalieva Shakhlo Khusnutdinovna <p>The publication is devoted to the problem of early learning to read for children with speech impairments. The positive influence of early reading on the formation of a functional basis for reading in preschoolers with general speech underdevelopment is considered. The article discusses new approaches to early teaching of reading to preschoolers with speech impairments. The influence of teaching basic reading skills on the state of the functional foundations of reading in preschoolers 4-5 years old with general underdevelopment of speech is analyzed.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 IMPROVING METHODS OF TRAINING FUTURE DEFECTOLOGISTS IN DESIGNING CORRECTIONAL WORK 2024-02-08T13:46:57+00:00 Zakirova Sarvinoz Baratovna <p>This article describes the improvement of methods for training future teachers of the deaf in the construction of correctional work, the particular relevance of the problem of early support for children with hearing impairment, and the systematic training of senior students in correctional work for children of different ages. ages and technologies of pedagogical work, focused on the need to form knowledge. To do this, it is necessary to plan various professional tasks of the teacher of the deaf - diagnostic, methodological, psychological, correctional, social work, which can make it possible to understand and assess the level of readiness of the future speech of the teacher of the deaf for independent professional activities.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 COHERENT SPEECH AS A SUBJECT OF STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGY OF LINGUISTICS AND PSYCHOLINGUISTICS 2024-02-08T13:49:01+00:00 Ziyodullayeva Ezoza Nematjon kizi <p>This article in psychology and linguistics studies the development of coherent speech in children with intellectual disabilities and highlights the problem of its development. It also talks about scientists who worked on coherent speech.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH DYSARTHRIA BASED ON COOPERATIVE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 2024-02-08T13:52:19+00:00 Dilnavoz Rakhmatova <p>Cooperative education is aimed at organizing the educational process more effectively, and since the improvement of children's literacy begins directly in the preschool education organization, it is explained that it is in the preschool education organization that some elements of cooperative education can be used.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE MAIN METHODS OF CORRECTING COMMUNICATIVE ACTIVITY IN CHILDREN WITH SPEECH IMPAIRMENT 2024-02-08T13:54:30+00:00 Shamsieva Sevara Yusupovna <p>The article highlights the main methods for correcting communicative activity in children with speech impairment. Effective rules of communication, hearing skills and work activity of a speech pathologist are analyzed.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 CULTURAL LINGUISTICS PERSPECTIVE: UNDERSTANDING LANGUAGE THROUGH CULTURE 2024-02-08T13:56:48+00:00 Babayeva Irada Sabirovna <p>Language and culture are discussed in this article. Some examples are given in English and Uzbek as well as. The importance of culture in linguistics mentioned. Difficulties which translator face up during the conversations are given.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EXPLORING THE RICHNESS OF ARABIC LITERATURE: A JOURNEY THROUGH TIME AND CULTURE 2024-02-08T13:58:39+00:00 Kadirova Mashhura Mirzaakbarovna <p>Arabic literature is a treasure trove of creativity, wisdom, and cultural heritage that spans over centuries. From ancient poetry and folklore to contemporary novels and plays, Arabic literature offers a glimpse into the complexities of the Arab world and its diverse traditions. In this article, we will embark on a journey through the fascinating world of Arabic literature, exploring its historical significance, notable authors, and enduring themes.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MODERN TEACHING METHODOLOGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM 2024-02-08T14:00:32+00:00 Narbayeva Malohat Khudaiberdiyevna <p>This article explores the multifaceted landscape of modern teaching methodologies, delving into key components shaping contemporary education. From technology integration and personalized learning to inclusivity and community engagement, the article outlines transformative approaches that redefine the teacher-student dynamic and prepare learners for the demands of the 21st century.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MANGLAYDAGI DOG 2024-02-08T14:02:46+00:00 Muxtorova Sevinch Gʻaybulla kizi <p>This article analyzes the story “Dog” by the writer Khaliyor Safarov. Some symbolic details in it are commented on, as well as a comparative analysis of image and dialogue motifs with other works.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE NEED TO USE PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION 2024-02-08T14:04:52+00:00 Diyora G'aniyeva <p>Thіs artіcle discusses the role of іnformatіon technology іn educatіon, the qualіty of lessons and the іnterest of young people іn the fіeld of ІT through the use of іnformatіon technology іn the classroom, as well as the benefіts of multіmedіa іn educatіon.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FEATURES OF CHILDREN'S FEAR AT A DENTAL APPOINTMENT 2024-02-08T14:06:35+00:00 PhD. Ortikova Nargiza Khayrullaevna <p>The problem of anxiety occupies a special place in modern scientific knowledge. It is the subject of a considerable amount of research, not only in psychology, but also in medicine, physiology, philosophy and sociology.</p> 2024-02-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE UTILIZATION OF SHORT STORIES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING 2024-02-08T17:18:33+00:00 Xojaniyazova Bazargul Mamabetovna <p>Learning and utilizing words is the first step in learning a second language. Learners can improve their communication and ultimately acquire both productive and receptive language abilities when they are proficient in using the fundamental or everyday vocabulary of the target language. Given this understanding, English teachers began utilizing literary works to help students meet learning objectives and increase their vocabulary. In this sense, using short stories as a teaching and learning tool for vocabulary is a successful tactic that serves the needs of both teachers and students. This study is descriptive delving into the utilization of short stories in teaching and learning vocabulary. The vocabulary and usage of the terms that language learners know define their proficiency level.</p> 2024-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PHILOSOPHY AND ITS ROLE IN SOCIETY 2024-02-08T17:22:20+00:00 Rakhimova Mashhura Inamjanovna <p>Since ancient times, philosophy has been considered as the basis of human thinking, it stimulates thinking and fights against societal norms. This article examines the important role of philosophy in the formation and development of modern society. By examining its impact on scientific progress, ethics, social cohesion, and personal development, it becomes clear that philosophy serves as a guide that supports intellectual growth and moral introspection.</p> 2024-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE PROBLEMS OF CREATING A HEALTHY PSYCHOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN SOCIETY BULLYING IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS THE IMPORTANCE OF LICENSING PSYCHOLOGISTS 2024-02-08T17:25:37+00:00 Turaev Boboyor Baxtiyorovich <p>The article describes the author's model of psychological service in the educational environment, reveals the main goals and objectives of its work, as well as innovative tools for collecting and analyzing the results.</p> 2024-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ANALYSIS OF THE MAIN APPLIED METHODS OF PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH 2024-02-08T17:29:13+00:00 Fayzieva Farogat Baxtiyorovna Mahmudova Muslima Maʼrufjon qizi Mahmudova Muslima Maʼrufjon qizi <p>Methods of studying public opinion are crucial for understanding the opinions, views and beliefs of the general public. The article analyzes the methods of public opinion research, and the importance of these methods in the study of public opinion. In addition, the works of Abu Mansour al-Moturidi, Abu Nasr Farabi, Abu Rayhan Beruni, Amir Temur and Alisher Navoi analyzed scientific approaches to the study of social processes in society using special methods to achieve effective management by taking into account the opinions of the population in society and public administration.</p> 2024-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 OPTIMIZATION OF PREMEDICATION IN SURGICAL INTERVENTION IN GYNECOLOGY PRACTICE 2024-02-09T15:07:32+00:00 Khudoyberdieva Gulrukh Sobirjonovna <p>The article is devoted to the study of the effectiveness of the drug etifoxine (strezam) in complex premedication in gynecological patients against the background of pathological menopause syndrome. The use of stresam as a therapeutic premedication in patients with pathological climacteric syndrome has shown an increase in the level of medical and social rehabilitation and a reduction in the length of hospital stay of patients.</p> 2024-02-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 METHODOLOGICAL POSSIBILITIES OF TURNING ENGLISH INTO PRIMARY CLASSES ON THE BASIS OF DIDACTIC MEANS 2024-02-10T19:06:03+00:00 Yuldasheva Zumradxon Turgunpolatovna <p>This article will consider the methodological possibilities of teaching English to primary classes with the integration of didactic tools. The article examines the practical applications of visual weapons, educational games, interactive software, and multimedia resources, relying on theoretical foundations such as constructivism, socio-cultural theories, and communicative language teaching. In addition, it considers pedagogical considerations of moral, cultural and contextual importance in the selection and use of didactic tools.</p> 2024-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL PROTECTION OF CIVIL SERVANTS IN THE UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-10T19:07:48+00:00 Khojiev Zavkiddin Farkhodovich <p>In this paper we make an attempt to examine the theoretical aspects of social protection and guarantees for civil servants. In particular, we focus on the importance of social protection and guarantees for civil servants, as well as political, legal, socio-economic and spiritual measures established by law, in the productivity of their activities. Moreover, we try to methodically and methodologically cover social protection and material support systems for civil servants, and group the parameters of the attractiveness of social protection. We also analyze the approaches to meet the material and spiritual needs of a person within the framework of social protection.</p> 2024-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TAX RELATIONS IN BUSINESS ENTITIES PROVIDING NON-STATE EDUCATIONAL SERVICES 2024-02-10T19:10:10+00:00 Aybek Nazarbaevich Abdullaev Shavkat Bayramovich Babaev Mirza Qilichbayevich Sabirov Inomjon To‘raevich Jumaniyazov <p>The large-scale reforms carried out in our country are aimed at achieving the ambitious development goals of Uzbekistan, which have no equal in the world. The special attention paid to the education of our youth can be seen from the Presidential schools, the School of Creativity, educational organizations based on public-private partnerships, and finally, the reforms that are being implemented in the way of the organization and operation of non-governmental educational organizations. The reforms carried out by our state and government are aimed not only at pre-school and general high school education, but also in the direction of opening branches of private higher education institutions and prestigious higher education institutions of developed foreign countries, which will enable the formation of a healthy competitive environment in the higher education system, and the establishment of joint educational programs with them, is appearing. The types of activities related to the social sphere carried out in our country, in particular, the benefits created for legal entities engaged in the provision of non-state educational services, the correct organization of their tax relations as a legal entity, current tax benefits and their relative classification, conditions and procedures for using benefits, benefits In our opinion, the formation of skills in the correct use of the accounting reporting procedure and the current regulatory and legal documents related to this field is one of the most urgent issues today. Some of the provided benefits have their own characteristics in terms of duration, and some in relation to the type of activity. In this process, the correct use of tax benefits, their correct reflection in accounting is important, of course.</p> 2024-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EXHIBITION PRINCIPLE IN FINE ARTS EDUCATION 2024-02-11T17:42:17+00:00 Sherov Dilshod Reyimberganovich Zaripova Yulduz Urinboy kizi <p>This article introduces a series of methodological students to the use of visualization in visual arts education and provides information about other aspects of visualization to achieve effective results.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE IMPORTANCE OF GRAMMAR IN THE STUDY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE 2024-02-11T18:58:24+00:00 Saydamatova Nigora Sheraliyevna <p>Grammar plays a crucial role in the study of English literature by providing the structural framework through which ideas are communicated and narratives are crafted. Understanding grammatical principles is essential for interpreting the intended meaning behind the author's words, discerning subtleties of tone, mood, and narrative perspective. Additionally, grammar serves as a conduit for stylistic experimentation and artistic innovation, shaping the aesthetic contours of literary works through rhythmic cadences, syntactic patterns, and rhetorical devices. Scholars analyze grammatical structures to gain insights into narrative techniques, thematic motifs, and cultural contexts, enriching their understanding of the human experience as depicted in literature. Ultimately, grammar emerges as a linchpin in the exploration and appreciation of English literature, guiding readers through the intricacies of textual interpretation and inviting them to uncover layers of meaning within the timeless landscapes of literary expression.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND CONTEMPORARY MARKETING 2024-02-11T19:01:56+00:00 Khaidarova Shohista Rustamovna <p>This topic explores the intersection of intercultural communication and contemporary marketing practices. In today's globalized world, effective communication across cultures is essential for successful marketing strategies. Understanding cultural nuances, values, and communication styles can help businesses connect with diverse audiences and build strong relationships. This area of study delves into how intercultural communication theories and practices can be applied to marketing campaigns, branding strategies, and consumer behavior analysis in a multicultural context. Cultural sensitivity in marketing is a crucial concept that involves understanding and respecting the diverse cultural backgrounds of target audiences. It emphasizes the importance of tailoring marketing strategies to specific cultural norms, values, and preferences to effectively engage with consumers from different cultural backgrounds. Market segmentation based on cultural factors allows businesses to create targeted campaigns that resonate with specific cultural groups.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 UNRAVELING THE SEMANTIC STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION EXPRESSIVE VERBALIZERS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES 2024-02-11T19:03:42+00:00 Akhmedova Nargiza Alidjanovna <p>This article meticulously examines the semantic and structural features of negative evaluation expressive verbalizers in foreign languages, focusing on Spanish, Mandarin, and German as representative examples. The exploration aims to uncover the nuanced ways in which disapproval, criticism, or disappointment is linguistically conveyed across diverse cultural and linguistic contexts. Through a comparative analysis, the article delves into lexical choices, sentence structures, and cultural nuances, shedding light on the intricate strategies employed to express negativity.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PROVIDING COMPETENCE IN THE FIELD OF FORMING A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE TO CHILDREN 6-7 YEARS OLD 2024-02-11T19:06:13+00:00 М. Усмонов Усмонова <p>In the article, the need for physical education and physical development of children through the use of physical exercises and national and active games for preschool children is scientifically and theoretically based. The direct and indirect impact on children's physical development through physical exercises, national and active games is scientifically based, and at the same time, it is possible to develop competence in the field of children's physical development and the formation of a healthy lifestyle.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EFFECTIVE ONLINE LEARNING METHODS FOR LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES 2024-02-11T19:08:05+00:00 Axmedova Tursunoy Baxtiyorovna <p>This article explores the realm of effective online learning methods designed to facilitate the acquisition of foreign languages. The discussion encompasses a diverse array of digital tools and platforms, emphasizing their transformative impact on language education. The highlighted methods include Interactive Communication Platforms, which enable real-time engagement with native speakers, creating dynamic and culturally rich language learning experiences.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 DEVELOPMENT OF READING AND LISTENING SKILLS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING 2024-02-11T19:10:00+00:00 Abdullayeva Albina Ergashevna <p>This article explores effective strategies and methodologies for fostering the development of reading and listening skills in the context of foreign language learning. It delves into interactive reading practices, extensive listening exercises, and vocabulary expansion through reading, emphasizing the interconnected nature of these skills. The incorporation of multimedia resources, authentic materials, and participation in language exchange programs is discussed to provide learners with diverse linguistic exposure. The article highlights the importance of task-based learning for practical application and regular assessments to gauge progress.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 LATIN LANGUAGE AND ITS STUDY IN THE MODERN WORLD 2024-02-11T19:11:41+00:00 Kenjayeva Nigora Davladovna <p>This article explores the critical role played by historical sources in the study of the Latin language, emphasizing their significance in unraveling linguistic evolution, cultural nuances, and societal dynamics. Focusing on various types of sources, including literary texts, inscriptions, legal documents, and personal correspondences, the article delves into the linguistic analysis and structural features inherent in each category. The examination of syntactical and grammatical structures, along with the exploration of lexical variations and the cultural context embedded in historical sources, provides a comprehensive understanding of Latin across different genres and periods.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 LATIN LANGUAGE AND HOW TO TEACH WITH MODERN TECHNOLOGY 2024-02-11T19:13:22+00:00 Matyusupova Shakarjon Bekmamatovna <p>This article explores the integration of modern technology into the teaching of the Latin language, emphasizing contemporary approaches to engage learners. It covers a range of technological tools, including interactive online platforms, language learning apps, virtual reality tools, and digital textbooks. The annotation highlights the dynamic learning experiences created through these tools, such as gamified elements, adaptive learning systems, and immersive virtual explorations.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INTERACTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 2024-02-11T19:15:18+00:00 Osmanova Maryam Soibxonovna <p>This article explores interactive strategies for teaching Russian grammar, emphasizing gamification, multimedia resources, and collaborative learning. It highlights how these methods enhance student engagement, promote deeper comprehension, and foster language proficiency. Through innovative approaches, educators can create dynamic learning environments that empower students to master Russian grammar with enthusiasm and confidence.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO TEACHING PHARMACEUTICAL TERMINOLOGY IN ENGLISH 2024-02-12T07:16:44+00:00 Mirazimova Sevara Baxtiyorovna <p>This annotation explores innovative pedagogical approaches for teaching pharmaceutical terminology in English. The article delves into methods that go beyond traditional instructional techniques, emphasizing dynamic and engaging strategies. Immersive case studies, multimedia presentations, online modules, and gamified learning platforms are discussed as methods to enhance student comprehension and application of pharmaceutical terms in authentic contexts. The annotation underscores the importance of practical application through role-playing exercises and collaborative projects, promoting active engagement and communication skills development.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ANALYSIS OF THE LINGUISTIC FOUNDATIONS OF UZBEK - ENGLISH THROUGH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2024-02-12T07:20:21+00:00 Raxmanova Azizaxon Abdugafurovna <p>This article explores Uzbek-English language dynamics through artificial intelligence. It separates historical backgrounds, syntactic structures, semantic maps, and translation barriers. Through AI, it provides insight into addressing linguistic gaps, demonstrating the potential of technology in improving intercultural communication and understanding.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 HISTORY OF LATIN LANGUAGE AND TEACHING TECHNOLOGY 2024-02-12T07:22:16+00:00 Suyundikov Nigmatullo Sagdullayevich <p>This article traces the evolution of Latin language education, highlighting traditional pedagogy and the integration of technology. It discusses ancient methods, medieval preservation efforts, and modern digital innovations, emphasizing the enduring relevance of Latin.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INTER-SUBJECT RELATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND METHODS OF THEIR IMPLEMENTATION IN EDUCATIONAL WORK 2024-02-12T07:24:02+00:00 Махмудбекова Гулнора Убайдуллаевна <p>This article examines the interdisciplinary connections of Russian language and the methods of their embodiment in learning activities. It explores how the Russian language is interwoven with various academic subjects, providing a deeper understanding of language skills in different areas of knowledge. The article presents specific methods for implementing cross-curricular connections, such as analyzing literary works to study language trends, examining historical documents to identify linguistic changes over time, and using computational methods to analyze data on large amounts of text.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING TECHNOLOGY IN LAND LEVELING 2024-02-12T07:55:42+00:00 Узоков Абдували Ортикович Норов Норов Собиржон Негмуродович Норов <p>The article discusses the importance of planning work in Uzbekistan. Improving quality planning using a leveling machine.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TEACHING RUSSIAN LANGUAGE USING COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES 2024-02-12T07:58:16+00:00 Шукурджанова Самиахон Алимовна <p>This article examines modern approaches to teaching the Russian language, focusing on the use of computer technologies in the educational process. Innovative methods such as interactive programs and applications, online courses, multimedia materials and virtual classrooms provide students with unique opportunities for effective and engaging language learning. Automated task checking, individualized training and gamification of the learning process complement this approach, promoting the formation of Russian language skills, taking into account modern educational requirements. The advantages of this approach are discussed, including flexibility, accessibility and motivation, which makes the process of learning the Russian language more effective and attractive for a variety of categories of students.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE IMPORTANCE OF VOCABULARY BOOSTING IN SPEAKING FLUENCY AND COMPREHENSION 2024-02-12T08:00:22+00:00 Ahadova Nilufar Fazliddin qizi <p>This article underscores the vital role that vocabulary enhancement plays in achieving both speaking fluency and comprehensive comprehension. It explores how a rich vocabulary forms the foundation for effective communication, empowering individuals to articulate thoughts with precision. The annotation highlights the interconnectedness of vocabulary and speaking fluency, emphasizing that a diverse lexicon facilitates seamless and articulate speech.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INNOVATIONS IN TEACHING LISTENING SKILLS FOR IELTS AND CEFR: EMBRACING MODERN METHODS 2024-02-12T08:02:20+00:00 Alimardonova Maftuna Bekmurodovna <p>This article delves into progressive strategies for improving listening skills tailored for IELTS and CEFR exams. It highlights the integration of technology, authentic materials, interactive activities, and self-assessment to enhance comprehension.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 WIDE IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES AND MODERN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION 2024-02-12T09:56:55+00:00 Khasanov Muzafar Sodikovich <p>With the development of technology, the presence of only one computer for training using technical means remained sufficient. The computer has successfully taken over the functions previously performed by TV, VCR, film projector, slide projector and others. In addition, the quality of information transmission, storage, and imaging has increased significantly.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 CURRENT STATUS OF GRAPHIC TEACHING METHODOLOGY AND WAYS TO IMPROVE IT 2024-02-12T09:59:12+00:00 Tanjarova Rano Akramovna Elchiboyev Kamoliddin <p>This article discusses the current state of teaching graphics and ways to improve it. Based on technological data and written sources, the author explores the specifics of the topic that have clarified the problem based on the available scientific literature.</p> 2024-02-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EFFECT OF IRRIGATION ON ONE-YEAR GROWTH OF MULBERRY SEEDLINGS USED IN HIGHWAY LANDSCAPING 2024-02-15T06:24:22+00:00 Ubaydullayev Farkhod Bakhtiyarullaevich Qo’chqorov Yakubjon Ismagilovich <p>It is known that the use of advanced agrotechnical measures based on the soil and climate conditions for the cultivation of tree-like plants in nurseries gives good results. During the cultivation of seedlings, the demand for water and nutrients is different in different phases of the plant. Due to this, in the course of our research, agrotechnical measures were applied to seedlings based on plant and soil requirements in the phases of growth and development.</p> 2024-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE STANDARD OF DIFFERENT WATERING REGIMES OF MULBERRY SEEDLINGS EFFECT ON SEEDLING EMERGENCE 2024-02-15T06:27:19+00:00 Ubaydullayev Farkhod Bakhtiyarullaevich Khomidova Nargiza Isaqulovna <p>It is known that the use of advanced agrotechnical measures based on the soil and climate conditions for the cultivation of tree-like plants in nurseries gives good results. During the cultivation of seedlings, the demand for water and nutrients is different in different phases of the plant. Due to this, in the course of our research, agrotechnical measures were applied to seedlings based on plant and soil requirements in the phases of growth and development.</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 BIOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF PISTACHIO SEEDLINGS GROWN ON DIFFERENT SUBSTRATES 2024-02-15T06:29:47+00:00 Hamzaev Abdushukur Khudoykulovich Inomova Munira Murotjоn qizi <p>The size of the container and the content of the substrate are important factors for growing quality and standard seedlings in a closed root system (container). The quality of the grown seedling, resistance to diseases and pests depends on the quality of the soil substrate. A rich composition of the substrate for growing plants with a closed root system ensures intensive growth of seedlings. In addition, many factors directly affect the successful growth of plants in the closed root system, including air temperature, irrigation regime, mineral nutrients, soil and relative humidity.</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING THROUGH READING MATERIALS 2024-02-15T10:02:15+00:00 Petrosyan Nelya Valerevna <p>The study surveys the usage of modern pedagogical techniques in ESL classroom, which are applied by English teachers for the development of linguistic abilities of learners at Samarkand State Institute of Foreign Languages. The English language methodology keeps on exploring the ways and methods of teaching second language by using various techniques to ESL learners. The study focuses on the analysis of effectiveness of using innovative techniques for developing critical thinking abilities. The research study applies both quantitative and qualitative methods for data analysis. Participating subjects were 200 students of 2-3rd English course, beginning from intermediate to upper intermediate levels. The data from analysis manifests that the usage of up-to date techniques for developing critical thinking skills increase the effectiveness of English classes. Modern teaching techniques modify the role of the teacher from the transmission of information to the organizer and coordinator of the educational process and make it possible to form complex competencies in the future. Therefore, the purpose of the investigation is to implement some up-to date techniques in the syllabus of English classes. The objectives of the theses are the formation and developing critical thinking abilities of learners. The given results illustrates the growth of self-confidence, motivation and competence of students.</p> 2024-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 “DIGITAL MIGRANTS” OF UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-15T11:11:12+00:00 Akmal Yusupov <p>The article examines the impact of digitalization on the quality of life of the older generation in modern society of Uzbekistan from the point of view of subjective and objective approaches. Based on the analysis of domestic research data and the global trend of population aging, the main barriers to the involvement of older people in the digital space are identified. This is an objective challenge for the older generation to adapt to rapidly changing material and technical living conditions.</p> 2024-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TRADE FAIRS IN TURKESTAN AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF PEOPLES 2024-02-15T11:15:22+00:00 Yekaterina Alexandrovna Smesova <p>The article analyzes trade fairs in Turkestan and the cultural mutual influence of peoples with the help of historical documents and archival sources. Besides, in the research showed that in the second half of the 19th century, in Russia and a number of European countries, interest in the history and culture of the peoples of Central Asia increased, especially in handwritten publications on ethnography and history, and in antique items made by skilled Central Asian craftsmen.</p> 2024-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 LOGISTICS OPPORTUNITIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN WHY FOR CHINA? 2024-02-15T11:18:57+00:00 Omadjon Tavakkaljon ugli Kodirjonov Khusanboy Madaminjonovich Muminov <p>In this article, the breakdown of relations between the United States of America, India, Pakistan, Russia, NATO and the People's Republic of China and, as a result, the increasing importance of the logistics system of the Republic of Uzbekistan for China. It will be explained how the Republic of Uzbekistan will benefit from this.</p> 2024-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE LENDING SYSTEM IN SUPPORTING FAMILY BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-16T14:27:14+00:00 Dilshodbek Yuldashevich Khamrakulov <p>In this article, as a result of the reforms carried out in Uzbekistan during the years of independence, the growth dynamics of family business entities, the practical results of the subsidies allocated to them by the state and the lending policy implemented by commercial banks, the volume of products produced by Ferghana Valley entrepreneurs based on primary sources, archival materials and literature analyzed.</p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 CREATION OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION LEARNING ENVIRONMENT OF UNIVERSAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS AND DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE (ICC) IN STUDENTS 2024-02-17T06:15:22+00:00 Haytbayeva Sayyora Rakhimberganovna <p>This article describes the pedagogical foundations of creating an electronic information learning environment of general education schools and developing students' information and communication competence. focused. The meaning of the concept of "information communication competence" in the educational system has been revealed.</p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 APPROACHES TO TEACHING VOWEL SOUNDS OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE TO NON-NATIVE (UZBEK) LEARNERS 2024-02-17T06:18:32+00:00 Fatkulina Luiza <p>Teaching non-native speakers the phonology of Japanese can be seen as a dual challenge and a unique requirement, necessitating additional investigations. In this article we would like to address the issues on teaching Japanese vowels to the learners of Uzbekistan. The problem will be detected by conducting practical experiment including 30 students. The reading text is appointed to investigate the pronunciation errors made by the students. The solutions for strengthening teaching Japanese phonology will be proposed.</p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SEASONAL RHYTHM AND DEVELOPMENT OF BETULA PENDULA L. IN BRICHMULLIN STATE FORESTRY 2024-02-19T11:06:28+00:00 Ubaydullayev Farkhod Bakhtiyarullaevich Xaitov Farkhod Djuraevich <p>On May 11, 2017, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a decree “On the creation of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Forestry.” The State Forestry Committee is part of the Cabinet of Ministers complex for agriculture, processing of forestry products and consumer goods. The main objectives and areas of activity of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Forestry are mainly the implementation of a unified state policy in the field of forestry, aimed at the comprehensive expansion and rational use of forest resources.</p> 2024-02-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS USED IN METAL CONSTRUCTION 2024-02-20T08:06:44+00:00 SH.A. Egamberdiyeva <p>This article is on the topic of "the main characteristics of materials used in metal construction", it provides information about the types of metals, their properties and the advantages of metal construction.</p> 2024-02-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE USAGE OF APHORISMS IN ENGLISH LESSONS 2024-02-20T19:56:32+00:00 Musaeva G. I. <p>This scientific article explores the utilization of aphorisms in English language lessons and their impact on learning outcomes and language proficiency. Aphorisms, concise and memorable statements that convey wisdom or general truths, have been used across various disciplines to encapsulate valuable insights. This article aims to examine the benefits of incorporating aphorisms into English language instruction, explore effective strategies for their implementation, and discuss the potential challenges and considerations for educators.</p> 2024-02-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 BORROWING AS A LANGUAGE PROCESS 2024-02-20T20:12:47+00:00 Shatov Ivan Alexandrovich <p>This article examines the processes of borrowing as a language combination. Territorial dialects, together with their own word creation, can enrich themselves by borrowing from other forms of existence of their national language (literary standard, other territorial dialects, from different types of social dialects), non-literary vernacular, etc., as well as from other national languages, including their literary and non-literary forms.</p> 2024-02-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INTERDISCIPLINARY THEORY OF TRANSLATION 2024-02-20T20:16:03+00:00 Tursunova Lola Narimanovna <p>As you know, the term “translation” has many meanings. On the one hand, it denotes an activity that consists in transmitting the content of information in one language by means of another language, however, on the other hand, translation represents the very results of this activity. Throughout the world, translation has become a universal activity. Bilingualism as a concept is founded within the framework of psycholinguistics by various scientists who have divergent ideas about its role in translation theory. What is translation activity? What is bilingualism? What are the specific functions of bilingualism in the general theory of translation? In this article we will try to answer the questions posed.</p> 2024-02-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 UZBEKISTAN STATE WORLD LANGUAGE UNIVERSITY 2024-02-22T08:02:31+00:00 Babayeva Irada Sabirovna <p>There are some information about modern linguistics and its types and usage in languages. The importance of modern linguistics and the study of cognitive linguistics and its impact are explained. So, there are some strategies useful for teachers for organising their lessons effectively in linguistics.</p> 2024-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EFFICIENCY OF ECONOMIC RELATIONS OF UZBEKISTAN AND TURKEY 2024-02-22T08:04:12+00:00 Makhmudova Manzurakhan Juraevna No’monov Nematilla Naqibullahxon ugli No’ <p>Based on the principles of absolute, relative and competitive advantages of international trade, the countries of Uzbekistan and Turkey, relying on their economic, financial, technical and resource potential, are striving to increase the effectiveness of further expansion and improvement of their foreign economic relations. Uzbekistan has been demonstrating to the world public that Turkey is important in ensuring peace, stability and cooperation in the region and the world.</p> 2024-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL) 2024-02-22T08:06:31+00:00 Akhmedova Fatima Turayevna <p>This article about teaching English as a Second language. It has given many advices, approaches, and some learning platforms which are useful for teachers who work as foreign languages teacher. Moreover, it includes some information about assessments for ESL. There is exist some barriers in learning languages.</p> 2024-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE ROLE OF WATER RESERVOIRS AND THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-22T08:08:25+00:00 A. B. Janzakov M. N. Kakhorova <p>This article deals with the establishment of water reservoirs in our Republic, the regulation of flow by seasons and years, and the relationship between water reservoirs and the natural environment.</p> 2024-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MODULAR TECHNOLOGY OF FORMATION OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS FROM SPECIALIZED SUBJECTS IN FUTURE TEACHERS OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION 2024-02-22T11:50:50+00:00 Hamidov J. A. <p>In this article studied the advantages and implementation stages of modular educational technology in the training of professional education teachers. The difference of modular teaching from other teaching technologies is as follows: educational content is presented in the form of complete, independent modules; the teacher's communication with the student is carried out on a new basis.</p> 2024-02-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024