American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development <p><strong>American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development</strong> provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in Multidisciplinary field. <strong>American Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development</strong> is an open access peer reviewed monthly journal. The journal is refereed and follows the ethics and practices of ethical open access publishing. All the manuscripts received for publication passes through extensive double blind peer review process. The journal covers the multidisciplinary areas of Engineering, Technology, Management, Sciences and Humanities. Authors can submit their original manuscripts for peer review.</p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Monthly</p> <p><strong>Acceptance Notification:</strong> 45 Days</p> <p><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> 2771-8948</p> <p><a href=""><strong>SJIF (2023):</strong> 6.959</a></p> <p><a href=""><strong>JIF 2022:</strong> 8.155</a></p> en-US Sat, 04 Mar 2023 15:47:12 +0000 OJS 60 THE ROLE OF MODERN SCLEROTHERAPY IN VASCULAR SURGERY <p>To improve the quality of life of patients with dilated veins, suspected varicose veins and patients with comorbidities who do not have indications for a high level of invasiveness, to study the degree of change in working capacity and provide information about it.</p> Zokhirov Adkhamjon Rafiqovich, Rakhimov Ulugbek Fakhriddin ogli, Khujanova Shokhruza Shukhrat qizi, Sobirov Shokhjakhon Sobirjonovich, Dovudkhonova Sarvinozkhon Jaxongirkhon qizi, Fakhriddinov Firdavs Faxriddinovich, Omonullakhujaev Saidakromkhon Ubaydullaxonovich Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 01 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 NEW VIEWS ON THE ACTIVITY OF KHOJA AHROR VALI <p>In the article has been analyzed new views on the activity of Khoja Ahror Vali and studying the period of the Timurids, give a high assessment to the role and position of individual governors in the life of the country, and describe the activities of religious leaders and entire social groups one-sidedly. Besides, article has showed such a reaction to the activities of the Naqshbandiyya sect and its leaders was characteristic by historical sources.</p> Mirzabakhrom Botirov Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 05 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ABOUT THE HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE FIRST CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLES OF THE EAST <p>On September 1-8, 1920, the First Congress of the Peoples of the East was held in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. The purpose of establishing Congress was to spread the ideas of socialism to Muslim countries. For this purpose, many delegates from Turkestan were sent to participate in the session. In the article, the issues of coverage of the Conference of Eastern Nations in the historiography of Uzbekistan are analyzed on the basis of primary sources.</p> Jasurbek Iminov Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 05 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 YOUNG PEOPLE SAY NO TO DRUGS <p>In this article, the religious essence of Islam in our society, its inter-religious aphorisms and its extremely beautiful qualities in the human world are highlighted with evidence.</p> Normamatov Abdukarim Abdunabiyevich Copyright (c) 2023 Tue, 07 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 LEXICOLOGY AND PHRASEOLOGY AS A SYSTEM OF LANGUAGE ELOQUENCE <p>This article discusses how rich the Russian language is, the role of lexicology and phraseology in our speech, how many words great writers used in their works, the features of phraseological units, the phenomena of antonymy and synonymy in phraseology, the differences between a word and a phraseological unit.</p> Jabborova Gulchehra Copyright (c) 2023 Tue, 07 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH METHODS OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE <p>This article talks about the science of pedagogy and its research methods and their types.</p> Jovliyeva Mohinur Jahongirovna Copyright (c) 2023 Tue, 07 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 STATE OF VASCULAR-THROMBOCYTARY HEMOSTASIS IN CHRONIC LIVER DISEASES OF VIRUS ETIOLOGY <p>The review of the literature provides information on changes in vascular-platelet hemostasis, platelet count, disorders of adhesion and aggregation properties, hemorrhagic complications in chronic liver disease. The results of the study of vascular-platelet hemostasis in patients with chronic liver diffuse disease were analyzed.</p> Nuriddinova Nodira Faxriddinovna., Kurbonova Zumrad Chutbaevna Copyright (c) 2023 Tue, 07 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ROLE IN MAXIMIZING CORPORATE PROFITS APPLIED RESEARCH IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES IN IRAQ <p>The research aims to identify the reality of social responsibility practices among customers of telecommunications companies in Iraq<br>with a search for social responsibility initiatives pursued by the most important telecommunications companies that are active in Iraq, where the data that was taken from Khatam Telecom Company (Zain) and Asiacell related to the level of spending on social responsibility, which is reflected in maximizing the profits of those companies, and the research reached several results, including the presence of indicators of customer interest in the services of telecommunications companies in Iraq with social responsibility, except It is noticeable that the social practices that are adopted can be considered tactical measures resorted to by customers at certain times such as national and religious holidays , and that Zain's social expenses have a significant impact on increasing the company's profits, unlike the expenses of Asa Cell, which turned out to not affect the increase in the company's profits throughout the research years 2011-2021, which requires Asa Cell to use another type of expense that contributes to increasing profits.</p> Ibrahim Sakran Abdullah , Hadi Hamad Hadi Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 08 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ISSUES OF ASSESSING THE JOINT ACTIVITY OF BUSINESS ENTITIES <p>Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PP-4611 dated February 24, 2020 "On additional measures for the transition to international standards of financial reporting", Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 507 dated August 24, 2020 "Recognizing the text of international standards of financial reporting and its explanations" Regulation on the procedure for obtaining", between the Ministry of Finance and the Foundation for International Standards of Financial Reporting dated November 11, 2020 "2045-UZ-MoF-Open Licence with Translation-2020", 62 MHXS documents were translated into the state language. These IAS documents are the order of the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 61 of November 10, 2022 "On recognition of the text of international financial reporting standards and explanations for use in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan" by the Ministry of Justice on December 9, 2022 №3400, and they Recognized for use in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Yakubov Ulugbek Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 10 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CULTUROLOGICAL APPROACH IN TEACHING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE <p>The Russian language as a worldview subject is designed to ensure the unity and interaction of language, culture, personality in the process of learning and development of this personality. Some of the problems of “culturally appropriate” teaching of humanitarian subjects are already being solved in the course of students mastering different ways of mental and speech activity, gaining experience and skills of communicatively appropriate behavior, developing reflective consciousness, a culture of feelings, emotions, mental work, creating and maintaining a cultural environment in an educational institution, and last but not least, provided that the language is studied as a “code of culture”, and this is not only a special methodological, but also a general pedagogical task.</p> Umarova Dilfuza Mamatkulovna Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 10 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FROM THE HISTORY OF RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE IN CENTRAL ASIA <p>In this article has been analyzed the history of religious tolerance in Central Asia by the helping historical literatures and sources as well. Besides, it showed that the establishment of the power of the Arab Caliphate in Central Asia, the ideas of Islam triumphed and Islam clearly occupied the position of monotheism, rejecting any division in relation to religion, especially polytheism and it should be noted that the ideas of monotheism ended the spiritual vacuum that existed before the advent of Islam.</p> Abror Anvarovich Аdilov Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 10 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SCHOLARS OF JIZZAKH <p>The Jizzakh region, along with many other regions of Uzbekistan, has been home to many scholars and historical sites. These monuments provide us with very important information from the distant past. In the meantime, our priority is to draw the public's attention to these places and to pass them on to future generations as much as possible.</p> Кenjayev Abdullaziz Erkin o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 10 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYZING EYE MOVEMENTS AND ITS EOG SIGNALS USING WALSH TRANSFORM <p>The Walsh Transform was used in this research to extract and study the EOG signal of eye movements and its features. Four types Of EOG signals were measured, vertical eye movements (UP, down) Horizontal eye movements (Left and right). The measured EOG signals were filtrides then transformed using WHT and then reconstructed. A measurement system built using Arduino-like OLIMEX 328 microcontroller with two EMG shields.</p> Dr. Naufel B. Mohammed Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 12 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INCIDENCE OF SOMATIC DISEASES IN WOMEN WITH UTERINE AND BREAST HYPERPLASTIC DISEASES IN THE PERIMENOPAUSE <p>Analysis of anamnestic data revealed an increased level of somatic pathology in patients with uterine and mammary hyperplastic diseases, with a prevalence of cardiovascular and endocrine diseases. Thus, 97 (77.6%) women in the main group had cardiovascular disease and only one in five - 9 (22.5%) from the control group. Varicose vein disease was diagnosed in 87 (69.6%) against 7 (17.5%) in the control group. Hypertension was twice as common in patients with EH and BBC (12(9.6%) vs. 2(5%), respectively).</p> Askarova Zebo Zafarovna, Raximova Amira Oybekovna Copyright (c) 2023 Tue, 14 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 LOWERING AFFECTIVE FILTERS IN SPEAKING <p>In the process of learning a language, naturally, most learners encounter language barriers, which serve as a general term for "affective filters". The main goal of the research work is to study the influence of affective filters, in particular motivation, attitudes, self-confidence and language anxiety. This article also aims to study the factors that reduce the performance of first-year students and offer the most appropriate solutions by questioning and analyzing their oral responses.</p> Kuvandikova Sarvinoz Abdumuhammadovna Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 16 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ROLE OF WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY ISSUES IN INTERNAL AFFAIRS BODIES IN UZBEKISTAN <p>This article talks about the role of women in internal affairs bodies and gender equality issues in Uzbekistan. Based on historical data, the author studied and analyzed specific aspects of the role of women in internal affairs bodies and issues of gender equality in Uzbekistan based on available scientific literature.</p> Ergasheva Yulduz Alimovna, Rustamova Zamira Bobokulova Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 16 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MODELING AND INVESTIGATION OF NOISE IMMUNITY REED-SOLOMON CODE TO PROVIDE INCREASED IMMUNITY IN DVB-T2 STANDARD DIGITAL TELEVISION SYSTEM <p>In this paper, the noise-correcting Reed-Solomon code is investigated and modeled to provide an increase in noise immunity in a digital television system of the DVB-T2 standard. Theoretical and practical algorithm of functioning of the Reed-Solomon noise-correcting codec has been studied. The error-correcting Reed-Solomon code in the DVB-T2 standard digital television system with the developed interactive computer simulation program in the Matlab/Simulink programming language, the dependence of the number of errors on the error probability for the noise-correcting Reed-Solomon code is modeled and investigated.</p> A. A. Yarmukhamedov, A.B. Jabborov. Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 17 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE FORMATION PLAN AND THE WEIGHT OF FREIGHT TRAINS ON THE TRACK DEVELOPMENT OF SORTING PARK OF STATIONS <p>The main purpose of the work is to analyze the plan for the formation of freight trains and the impact of train weight standards on the road network of the Ch sorting station under the management of the “Uzbekistan Railways” JSC. In this case, the Ch station will build a train to several destinations under the freight train plan formation, and the weight norms of trains made from the station in the cross section of June 2021 and January 2022 were analyzed. The results of the analysis found that trains at the station are structured in a significantly lower standard than the established weight standards for certain lines. It was also found that the capacity of the sorting parkways was also not used with a unit.</p> Butunov Dilmurod, Xabibullayev Fayzulla, Daminov Shakhriyor Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 17 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECTIVE WAYS OF APPLYING THREE APPROACHES OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHIN <p>As we know, in modern teaching of foreign languages new methods and approaches are becoming compulsory to make the process of studying faster and effective. In this article has been discussed the merits of three language methods and the role of these approaches in a foreign language while studying it.</p> Madaminova Gulbahor Husniddin qizi, Maxkamova Munisxon Abdumannopovna, Sarsenbayeva Nargiza Maxset qizi Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 17 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF CREATIVE THINKING IN PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT <p>The article considers the features of mental operations. Particular importance is attached to the role of creative thinking in the development of the individual and tasks that would help prepare students for creative activities and the formation of appropriate intellectual skills.</p> Chodieva R.S. Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 19 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE DEFINITION OF INVESTMENT IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW <p>The definition of investment in international investment law is of fundamental importance to the question of whether a tribunal has jurisdiction over the subject matter of the dispute. This note examines the meaning of investment under international treaties and the ICSID Convention and discusses specific issues that can arise in relation to the definition of investment.</p> Latofat Rajabova Copyright (c) 2023 Mon, 20 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000